Sodium Bicarbonate

Sodium Bicarbonate (IUPAC name: sodium hydrogen carbonate) is a chemical compound with the formula NaHCO3. It is a salt composed of sodium ions and bicarbonate ions. Sodium bicarbonate is a white solid that is crystalline but often appears as a fine powder. It has a slightly salty, alkaline taste resembling that of washing soda (sodium carbonate). The natural mineral form is nahcolite. It is a component of the mineral natron and is found dissolved in many mineral springs.



Uses:

  • Sodium bicarbonate mixed with water can be used as an antacid to treat acid indigestion and heartburn
  • It is used for a treatment of hyperkalemia, as it will drive K+ back into cells during periods of acidosis.